Karabakh na kartinakh russkogo khudozhnika I. Shcheblykina Na territorii Azerbaydzhana sushchestvuyet bol’shoye kolichestvo istoricheskikh pamyatnikov tyurkskogo i musul’manskogo proiskhozhdeniya. Odnako mnogiye iz nikh ne doshli do nashikh dney v pervonachal’nom vide. Chtoby otrestavrirovat’ kul’turnyye pamyatniki, arkhitektory izuchayut illyustratsii khudozhnikov, kotoryye sobstvennymi glazami videli oblik drevnikh sooruzheniy. Mnogiye khudozhniki voskhishchalis’ krasotoy prirodnogo i kul’turnogo naslediya Karabakha. V pervoy polovine KHKH veka Azerbaydzhan posetil russkiy khudozhnik Ivan Pavlovich Shcheblykin. Priglashennyy na Kavkaz v 1928-om godu, dlya osushchestvleniya proyekta po restavratsii drevnikh pamyatnikov Azerbaydzhanskoy SSR, Shcheblykin vlyubilsya v eti kraya i sdelal mnogo tsennykh zarisovok. Yego raboty – eto tsennyy istoricheskiy istochnik dlya kul’tury Azerbaydzhana. Odnako proyekt byl osushchestvlen lish’ v 60-80-kh godakh KHKH veka, posle Velikoy otechestvennoy voyny. I.Shcheblykin. «Krasnyy most» Pobyvav v Karabakhe s 1937-go po 1941-yy god, I. Shcheblykin sozdal otdel’nuyu seriyu rabot, posvyashchonnykh istoricheskim pamyatnikam. Seychas yego raboty khranyatsya v Natsional’nom muzeye istorii Azerbaydzhana pri Natsional’noy akademii nauk Azerbaydzhana. Risunok «Steny Askerana» I.Shcheblykin. «Steny Askerana» Na risunke «Steny Askerana», sozdannom v 1935-om godu, izobrazhena krepost’, kotoraya nakhoditsya v gorode Askeran, Khodzhalinskogo rayona Karabakha. Krepost’ byla postroyena Panakh Ali-khanom i yego synov’yami – Mekhrali bekom i Ibragim Khalil-khanom. Letopis’ nachala XIX veka «Karabakh-name» svidetel’stvuyet o stroitel’stve kreposti v 1786-om godu. Krepost’ byla postroyena dlya otrazheniya napadeniya razboynikov na okrestnosti Shushi. Issledovaniya uchenogo Ye.A.Pakhomova takzhe podtverzhdayut to fakt, chto krepost’ byla sooruzhena v kontse XVIII veka. Posle okkupatsii Armeniyey territoriy Azerbaydzhana mnozhestvo istoricheskikh pamyatnikov tyurkskoy kul’tury VIII-XIX vekov bylo unichtozheno. Mnogiye azerbaydzhanskiye nazvaniya byli zameneny na armyanskiye, vneshniy oblik pamyatnikov byl izmenen. Imenno poetomu kartiny khudozhnikov, zastavshikh pervonachal’nyy oblik drevnikh sooruzheniy, imeyut vse bol’shuyu tsennost’. Tozhe samoye proizoshlo i s Askeranskoy krepost’yu. Seychas krepost’ nakhoditsya na territorii Azerbaydzhana, okkupirovannoy Armeniyey. Armyanskiye okkupanty izmenili nazvaniye s Askeranskoy kreposti na krepost’ «Mayraberd» i, narushiv mezhdunarodnyye konventsii, postroili tserkov’ Surb Mariam Astvatsatsin na territorii istoricheskogo pamyatnika. Odnako, yesli vzglyanut’ na fotografii kontsa XIX veka, a takzhe na risunki I. Shcheblykina, to budet vidno, chto armyanskikh pamyatnikov na territorii Askeranskoy kreposti i ne bylo. Развернуть 2613/5000 Karabakh in the paintings of the Russian artist I. Scheblykin

There are a large number of historical monuments that have Turkish and Muslim origin on the territory of Azerbaijan. However, many of them have not …

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